All About GSTR-9 or GST Annual Return at one place


All About GSTR-9 or GST Annual Return at one place

What is Form GSTR-9?

Form GSTR-9 is an annual return to be filed once, for each financial year, by the registered taxpayers who were regular taxpayers, including SEZ units and SEZ developers. The taxpayers are required to furnish details of purchases, sales, input tax credit or refund claimed or demand created etc in this return. In the Annual Return for F.Y 2017-18, the details pertaining to the period from July 2017 to March 2018 are to be reported. In case, the taxpayer is registered after 1st July 2017, in such case, details for the period from the effective date of registration till 31st March, 2018 is to be provided in Annual Return.

Who need to file Annual Return in Form GSTR-9? Is there any threshold limit of Turnover for exemption to file GSTR-9?

Form GSTR-9 is to be filed by a person who is registered as a normal taxpayer, including SEZ unit or SEZ developer and the taxpayers who have withdrawn from the composition scheme to normal taxpayer any time during the year.

Note: 1.) Composition taxpayers are required to file Annual Return in Form GSTR-9A.

2.) Annual Return is not required to be filed by casual taxpayer / Non Resident taxpayer / ISD.

What is the difference between Form GSTR-9 and Form GSTR-9C?

Form GSTR-9 is required to be filed by every person registered as normal taxpayer irrespective of their turnover.

Form GSTR-9C is required to be filed by every registered person whose turnover has been more than Rs. 2 crores during the financial year. Such taxpayers are required to get their accounts audited by Chartered Accountant or Cost Accountant and need to submit a copy of audited annual accounts and reconciliation statement as specified under section 44(2) of CGST Act.

Also Refer :Analysis of GSTR 9A or GST Annual Return for Composition Taxpayer

Is it mandatory to file Form GSTR-9?

Yes, it’s mandatory to file Form GSTR-9 for normal taxpayers.

I am a regular/ normal taxpayer for part period and composition taxpayer for part period during the financial year. Do I need to file Form GSTR-9 or Form GSTR-9A?

You are required to file both Form GSTR-9 and Form GSTR-9A for the respective period.

The period during which the taxpayer remained as composition taxpayer, Form GSTR-9A is required to be filed. And, for period for which the taxpayer is registered as normal taxpayer, Form GSTR-9 is required to be filed.

For example: If the taxpayer had opted for Composition scheme from 1st July 2017 to 31st Dec 2017, then Form GSTR-9A is required to be filed for such period. And, if the taxpayer had opted out of composition scheme and registered as a normal taxpayer during period say 1st Jan 2018 to 31st Mar 2018, then for such period Form GSTR-9 is required to be filed.

Both Form GSTR-9 and Form GSTR-9A for the respective period are required to be filed for FY 2017-18, in such cases.

I got my registration cancelled in the financial year. Can I file Form GSTR-9?

Yes, the annual return needs to be filed even if the taxpayer has got his registration cancelled during the said financial year.

I have opted for composition scheme in the financial year. Do I need to file Form GSTR-9?

Taxpayers who have opted for the composition scheme need to file Form GSTR-9 for the period during which they were registered as a normal taxpayer.

I opted out of composition scheme in the financial year. Do I need to file Form GSTR-9?

Taxpayer who have opted out from the composition scheme during the relevant financial year is required to file Form GSTR-9 for the period they paid the tax at normal rates.

Also Refer :Step by Step Procedure of Filing GSTR-9A

What are the pre-conditions for filing Form GSTR- 9?

Pre-conditions for filing of Form GSTR-9 are:

Taxpayer must have active GSTIN during the relevant financial year as a normal/regular taxpayer even for a single day.

Taxpayer has filed all applicable returns i.e. Form GSTR-1 and Form GSTR-3B of the relevant financial year before filing the Annual Return.

Can I file nil Form GSTR-9?

Nil Form GSTR-9 can be filed for the Financial year, if you have: –

• NOT made any outward supply (commonly known as sale); AND

• NOT received any goods/services (commonly known as purchase); AND

• NO other liability to report; AND

• NOT claimed any credit; AND

• NOT claimed any refund; AND

• NOT received any order creating demand; AND

• There is no late fee to be paid etc.

Also Refer : FAQ’s on GSTR-9 : All About Form GSTR-9

From where can I as a taxpayer file Form GSTR- 9?

Navigate to Services > Returns > Annual Return to file Form GSTR-9.

Is there any Offline Tool for filing Form GSTR-9?

Currently, Form GSTR-9 return can be filed through online mode only. However, offline tool for Form GSTR-9 will be released shortly.

By when do I need to file Form GSTR-9?

The due date for filing Form GSTR-9 for a particular financial year is 31st December of subsequent financial year or as extended by Government through notification from time to time.

Can the date of filing of Form GSTR-9 be extended?

Yes, date of filing of Form GSTR-9 can be extended by Government through notification.

Form GSTR-9 return is required to be filed at entity level or GSTIN level?

Form GSTR-9 return is required to be filed at GSTIN level i.e. for each registration. If taxpayer has obtained multiple GST registrations, under the same PAN, whether in the same State or different States, he/she is required to file annual return for each registrations separately, where the GSTIN was registered as a normal taxpayer for some time during the financial year or for the whole of the financial year.

Also Refer : Step by Step Procedure of Filing GSTR-9

I have not filed all my applicable return(s)/ statement(s) during the financial year. Still, can I file Annual return without filing of those applicable return(s)/ statement(s)?

No. You cannot file return in Form GSTR-9 without filing Form GSTR-1 and Form GSTR-3B for all applicable periods during the relevant financial year.

Do I need to provide/ update details in all the tables in Form GSTR-9 before filing?

You are required to provide/ update details only in those tables which are relevant to your business

Which tables in Form GSTR-9 has auto-populated data from filed Form GSTR-1 and Form GSTR-3B?

Below tables in Form GSTR-9 has auto-populated data, from already filed Form GSTR-1 and Form GSTR-3B of the relevant financial year:

• 4. Details of advances, inward and outward supplies made during the financial year on which tax is payable

• 5. Details of Outward supplies made during the financial year on which tax is not payable

• 6A Total amount of input tax credit availed through FORM GSTR-3B (sum total of Table 4A of FORM GSTR-3B)

• 6G- Input Tax credit received from ISD

• 6K- Transition Credit through TRAN-I (including revisions if any)

• 6L- Transition Credit through TRAN-II

• 9. Details of tax paid as declared in returns filed during the financial year

Where to report stock transfer made to another branch situated in another state if both are registered?

Since both branches are registered persons for a particular state, these transactions are to be reported in supplies made to registered person (B2B) Table 4B.

Also Refer : FAQ’s on GSTR-9A : All About Form GSTR-9A

Which table in Form GSTR-9 has auto-populated data from Form GSTR-2A?

Below table in Form GSTR-9 has auto-populated data, from Form GSTR-2A of the relevant financial year:

• Table no. 8A: ITC as per GSTR-2A (Table 3 & 5 thereof)

Can I edit auto-populated data from filed Form GSTR-1 and GSTR-3B in Form GSTR-9?

Yes, you can edit auto-populated data from filed Form GSTR-1 and GSTR-3B in Form GSTR-9, except data in below mentioned tables:

• Table no. 6A: Total amount of input tax credit availed through FORM GSTR-3B (sum total of Table 4A of FORM GSTR-3B)

• Table no. 8A: ITC as per GSTR-2A (Table 3 & 5 thereof)

• Table no. 9: Details of tax paid as declared in returns filed for the financial year (Except tax payable column)

Can I download system computed values of Form GSTR-9?

Yes, taxpayer can download the system computed values for Form GSTR-9 in PDF format. This will help the taxpayer to use it for reference while filling Form GSTR-9.

Will consolidated summary of Form GSTR-1 be made available for the returns filed during the financial year?

Yes. Consolidated summary of all filed Form GSTR-1 statement for the relevant financial year is available for download in PDF format.

Navigate to Services > Returns > Annual Return > Form GSTR-9 (PREPARE ONLINE) > DOWNLOAD GSTR-1 SUMMARY (PDF) option.

Will consolidated summary of Form GSTR-3B be made available for the returns filed during the financial year?

Yes. Consolidated summary of all returns filed in Form GSTR-3B for the relevant financial year is available for download in PDF format.

Navigate to Services > Returns > Annual Return > Form GSTR-9 (PREPARE ONLINE) > DOWNLOAD GSTR-3B SUMMARY (PDF) option.

Can I change the details after clicking on ‘Proceed to File” button?

Yes. You can change/edit the details before filing of Form GSTR-9 return. However, the auto-populated data will not be editable in the following fields.

• Table no. 6A: Total amount of input tax credit availed through Form GSTR-3B (sum total of Table 4A of Form GSTR-3B)

• Table no. 8A: ITC as per Form GSTR-2A (Table 3 & 5 thereof).

• Table no. 9 (Except tax payable column)

What happens after COMPUTE LIABILITIES button is clicked?

After COMPUTE LIABILITIES button is clicked, details provided in various tables are processed on the GST Portal at the back end and Late fee liabilities, if any, are computed. Late fee is calculated, if there is delay in filing of annual return beyond due date.

Is there any late fee for late filing of Form GSTR- 9?

On a combined reading of Section 47(2) and Section 44 (1) of the CGST Act, 2017 and State / Union Territory GST Act, 2017 a late fee of Rs.200/- per day (Rs. 100 +Rs.100 amount of half percent (0.25% under the CGST Law + 0.25% under the SGST / UTGST Law) of turnover in the State or Union Territory.

Is there any option to make payment other than late fee (if applicable) in Form GSTR-9?

After filing of your return in Form GSTR-9, you will get a link to navigate to Form GST DRC-03 to pay tax, if any. Any additional payment can be made using Form GST DRC-3 functionality only through utilisation from Electronic Cash Ledger.

In Form GSTR-9, can additional liability not reported earlier in Form GSTR-3B be declared?

Yes, additional liability not reported earlier at the time of filing Form GSTR-3B can be declared in Form GSTR-9. The additional liability so declared in Form GSTR-3B are required to be paid through Form GST DRC-03.

Can I claim or report any unclaimed ITC through Annual Return?

No. You cannot claim ITC through Form GSTR-9.

What do I need to do if available cash balance in Electronic Cash Ledger is less than the amount required to offset the liabilities?

Available cash balance as on date in Electronic Cash Ledger is shown to the taxpayer in “Cash Ledger Balance” table. If available cash balance in Electronic Cash Ledger is less than the amount required to offset the liabilities, then additional cash required to be paid by taxpayer is shown in the “Additional Cash Required” column. You may create challan for the additional cash directly by clicking on the CREATE CHALLAN button.

I am getting a warning message that records are under processing or processed with error while filing Form GSTR-9. What do I do?

In case, records (or data as submitted while filing Form GSTR-9) are processed with error or are under processing at the back end, a warning message is displayed. If records are still under processing, wait for processing to be completed at the back end. For records which are processed with error, go back to Form GSTR-9 and take action on those records for making corrections.

Can I revise Form GSTR-9 return after filing?

No, you cannot revise Form GSTR-9 return after filing.

About the Author

KETAN R. THACKER (TAX-ADVOCATE)Author KETAN R. THACKER  (TAX-ADVOCATE) can be contacted at [email protected] 

MO. 91-9998780140

Author HARDIK K. THACKER (CHARTERED ACCOUNTANT) can be contacted at [email protected]

MO. 91-7567581226

DISCLAIMER : The views expressed in this write up are of the author(s). The information cited in this article has been drawn from various sources. While every effort has been made to keep, the information cited in this article error free, we does not take the responsibility for any typographical or clerical error which may have crept in while compiling the information provided in this article.


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One Comment

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  1. In case of mismatch of ITC of GSTR-2A with GSTR-3B in following cases,whether the difference of ITC needs to be paid while filing GSTR-9 :
    A) Supplier has filed GSTR-1 & it can be seen from our GSTR-2A, but in GSTR-9 auto-populated figures of 2A, the ITC is not reflected there.
    B) Supplier has not uploaded bills in their GSTR-1 (Proper bills are issued by them to us)
    Whether the client should pay the difference amount through GSTR-9 or wait till any communication from GST department comes,as there is no genuine default or mistake on our client’s part.

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