CBDT Releases Guidance on Mutual Agreement Procedure (MAP)
Government of India
Ministry of Finance
Department of Revenue
Central Board of Direct Taxes
Foreign Tax and Tax Research Division-I
New Delhi, dated the 7th August, 2020
Subject: Mutual Agreement Procedure (MAP) Guidance – Regarding
India has a large network of Double Taxation Avoidance Agreements (‘DTAAs’ or ‘Tax Treaties’, hereinafter) with various countries. The DTAAs, inter-alia, provide rules and mechanisms for allocation of taxing rights amongst the treaty partners; avoidance of economic and juridical double taxation; and resolution of taxation not in accordance with the treaty through the Mutual Agreement Procedure (‘MAP’, hereinafter).
2. Rule 44G of the Income-tax Rules, 1962 has been notified recently vide G.S.R.282 (E) dated 6th May, 2020. This rule substitutes the previous rules 44G and 44H, which dealt with the same issue of implementation of MAP. The rule provides, inter-alia, the processes to be followed by the competent authority(ies) (‘CA’ or ‘CAs’ hereinafter)of India till the resolution of the issue of taxation not in accordance with the treaty and the processes to be followed by the field authorities to implement the outcome of the MAP. The new rule is applicable w.e.f 6th May 2020, and, accordingly, applies to all MAP cases pending with the CAs of India as on 6th May 2020.
3. Though erstwhile rules 44G and 44H were in existence for a number of years, detailed information regarding MAP processes and guidance on issues related to such processes were not available in a comprehensive and consolidated manner. The Action 14 final report on “Making Dispute Resolution More Effective”, of the Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (‘BEPS’, hereinafter) project of the G-20 and OECD countries, had recommended that all countries that implement the BEPS package of measures must publish comprehensive MAP guidance.
5. The MAP guidance is presented in the following four parts:
Part-A: Introduction and Basic Information;
Part-B: Access and Denial of Access to MAP;
Part-C: Technical Issues; and
Part-D: Implementation of MAP outcomes.
For Further Details – Download or Read Guidance Note PDF
Tags: Income Tax