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Studycafe Admin | Nov 5, 2021 | Views 757736

Education cess & higher education cess credits cannot be transferred into GST TRAN-1

Education cess & higher education cess credits cannot be transferred into GST TRAN-1

In matter of Suvikram Plastex Pvt Ltd  vs Commissioner Of Central Tax, Tribunal held that the appellant has wrongly transferred the cenvat credit of education cess and higher education cess into TRAN1 under GST which is liable to be recovered from the appellant along with interest and penalty.

Tribunal used decision by the Hon’ble Division Bench of the Madras High Court in the case of Sutherland Global Services Ltd. cited supra, wherein the Hon’ble Division while setting aside the decision of the Single Judge has held in paras 60, 61 and 62 as under:-

60. Obviously, the transition of unutilised Input Tax Credit could be allowed only in respect of taxes and duties which were subsumed in the new GST Law. Admittedly, the three types of Cess involved before us, namely Education Cess, Secondary and Higher Education Cess and Krishi Kalyan Cess were not subsumed in the new GST Laws, either by the Parliament or by the States. Therefore, the question of transitioning them into the GST Regime and giving them credit under against Output GST Liability cannot arise. The plain scheme and object of GST Law cannot be defeated or interjected by allowing such Input Credits in respect of Cess, whether collected as Tax or Duty under the then existing laws and therefore, such set off cannot be allowed.

61. For these reasons also, in our opinion, the learned Single Judge, with great respects, erred in allowing the claim of the Assessee under Section 140 of the CGST Act. The main pitfalls in the reasoning given by the learned Single Judge are (a) the character of levy in the form of Cess like Education Cess, Secondary and Higher Education Cess and Krishi Kalyan Cess was distinct and stand alone levies and their input credit even under the Cenvat Rules which were applicable mutatis mutandis did not permit any such cross Input Tax Credit, much less conferred a vested right, especially after the levy of these Cesses itself was dropped; (b) Explanation 3 to Section 140 could not be applied in a restricted manner only to the specified Sub-sections of Section 140 of the Act mentioned in the Explanations 1 and 2 and as a tool of interpretation, Explanation 3 would apply to the entire Section 140 of the Act and since it excluded the Cess of any kind for the purpose of Section 140 of the Act, which is not specified therein, the transition, carry forward or adjustment of unutilised Cess of any kind other than specified Cess, viz. National Calamity Contingent Duty (NCCD), against Output GST liability could not arise.

62. For the aforesaid reasons, we are inclined to allow the appeal of the Revenue and with all due respect for the learned Single Judge, set aside the judgment of the learned Single Judge dated 05.09.2019 and we hold that the Assessee was not entitled to carry forward and set off of unutilised Education Cess, Secondary and Higher Education Cess and Krishi Kalyan Cess against the GST Output Liability with reference to Section 140 of the CGST Act, 2017. The appeal of the Revenue is allowed. CMP No.690 of 2020 is closed. Costs easy.

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