ITAT explains calculation of tax effect for calculating monetary limit as per CBDT Circular
Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) vide Circular No. 17/2019 dated 08.08.2019 has amended Circular No. 3/2018 dated 11.07.2018 for further enhancement of monetary limit for filing of appeals by the Department before the ITAT, High Courts, and SLPs/appeals before Supreme Court as measures for reducing litigation.
What is the tax effect?
CBDT vide Circular No. 3/2018 dated 11.07.2018 has specified that appeals shall not be filed before the Income Tax Appellate Tribunal (ITAT) in cases where the tax effect does not exceed the monetary limit of Rs.20,00,000/-. For this purpose, ‘tax effect’ means the difference between the tax on the total income assessed and the tax that would have been chargeable had such total income been reduced by the amount of income in respect of issues against which appeal is intended to be filed.
Tax Effect to include surcharge and cess
Further, ‘tax effect’ shall be taxes including applicable surcharge and cess.
Will Tax Effect include interest?
However, the tax will not include any interest thereon, except where chargeability of interest itself is in dispute. In case the chargeability of interest is the issue under dispute, the amount of interest shall be the ‘tax effect’.
Cases where Tax Effect include notional tax, Penalty
- In cases where returned loss is reduced or assessed as income, the ‘tax effect’ would include notional tax on disputed additions.
- In case of penalty order, the ‘tax effect’ will mean quantum of penalty deleted or reduced in the order to be appealed against.
At para 13 of the above Circular, it has been mentioned that:
“13. This Circular will apply to SLPs/appeals/cross objection/references to be filed henceforth in SC/HCs/Tribunal and it shall also apply retrospectively to pending SLPs/appeals/cross objections/references. Pending appeals below the specified tax limits in para 3 above may be withdrawn/not pressed.”
As a step towards further management of litigation, CBDT vide Circular No. 17/2019, dated 08.08.2019 has fixed the monetary limit for filing of appeals before ITAT at Rs.50,00,000/-.
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